- Supervise people who have been placed on probation
- Arrange for services, such as employment and housing
- Update the court on the latest status of individuals
Our correctional system exists not just to punish people who have committed crimes, but to help criminals reform themselves away from criminal activity. Many people who are convicted of crimes are placed on probation instead of being sent to prison. During probation, offenders must stay out of trouble and meet various other requirements.
Probation officers supervise people who have been placed on probation. Some probation officers are also called correctional treatment specialists, who may counsel and create rehabilitation plans for offenders. Probation officers also spend much of their time working for the courts. They investigate the backgrounds of the accused, write pre-sentence reports, and recommend sentences.
After an ex-offender is released from prison, it is the responsibility of the probation officer to assist ex-offenders to adjust to life outside prison and to prevent future criminal acts. These officers work towards returning law offenders to useful, productive lives. They arrange for services, such as employment, housing, medical care, counseling, education, and social activities.
When a parole violation or criminal behavior is alleged, probation officers conduct an investigation that can include interviews, surveillance, and search and seizure procedures as well as drug testing. They monitor an offenders' participation in these programs and attend court hearings to update the court on how well they follow sentencing terms.
Requires a degree in:
- Criminal Justice
- Communicating clearly
- Staying calm and controlled in a crisis
- Working with manipulative people
- Good counseling skills
- Making decisions on the basis of personal judgment and experience
- Working with minimal supervision
- Patience and persistence
- Tolerating hostility
- Empathizing with a wide variety of people
- Helping people with their personal problems
- Inspiring trust and confidence
- Writing clearly
Locating, collecting, and organizing information
- Good physical condition
- Good analytical skills
- Thinking on one’s feet
- Ethical behavior
- Assertiveness and self-confidence